Many names, many advantages – from Trentini to beam steering of modern (Fabry-Perot) Resonant Cavity antennas
Please join us for a virtual presentation by Professor Karu Esselle
Wednesday 31st August 2022
at 6:30pm (ACST) / 7:00pm (AEST)
Dial-in: (AU) +61 3 8594 5547
PIN: 579 087 866#
Abstract: No other antenna concept has more names. At present these antennas are known as Fabry-Perot resonant cavity antennas, just Resonant Cavity Antennas (RCA), Partial Reflector Surface (PRS) based antennas, Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) Resonator antennas (ERAs) and Two-Dimensional Leaky-Wave Antennas, and more names are forthcoming. Yet they all have more or less the same configuration consisting of a resonant cavity, formed between a partially reflecting superstructure and a fully reflecting (ground) plane. The resonant cavity is excited by a small feed antenna. Hence, they are referred to as resonant cavity antennas (RCAs) in this presentation. Since the concept of using a “partially reflecting sheet array” superstructure to significantly enhance the directivity was disclosed by Trentini in 1956, it has been an attractive concept to several antenna researchers for several reasons, including its theoretical elegance, relationships to other well-researched area such as leaky-waves, EBG, frequency selective surfaces and metasurfaces, and practical advantages as a low-cost simple way to achieve high-gain (15-25 dBi) from an efficient planar antenna without an array, which requires a feed network. The RCA concept is one of the main beneficiaries of the surge of research on electromagnetic periodic structures in the last decade, first inspired by EBG and then to some extent by metamaterials. As a result, RCAs gained a tremendous improvement in performance in the last 10 years, in addition to other advantages such as size reduction. As an example, achieving 10% gain bandwidth from such an antenna with a PSS was a major breakthrough in 2006 but now there are prototypes with gain bandwidths greater than 50%. Until recently most RCAs required an area in the range of 25-100 square wavelengths but the latest extremely wideband RCAs are very compact, requiring only 1.5-2 square wavelengths at the lowest operating frequency. Once limited to a select group of researchers, these advantages have attracted many new researchers to RCA research domain, and the list is growing fast, as demonstrated by the diversity of authors in recent RCA publications. RCAs have already replaced other types of antennas, for example as feeds for reflectors. This presentation will take the audience through historical achievements of RCA technology, giving emphasis to breakthroughs in the last 20 years up to a recent method of steering its beam continuously in 2D (i.e., azimuth and elevation).